Reasons why people have a cat
The cat is the most popular pet. There are millions of sincere admirers of these cute animals in the world who can radically change the atmosphere in the house, bring up positive qualities in a child, and have a beneficial effect on the psychological and physiological state of the owner. A cat is an amazing animal with unique qualities. Almost everyone has a reason to love her and wishes to have such a pet in their home.
Practical reasons for a cat in the house
The ancestors who decided to domesticate the wild cat from time immemorial had good reasons for this. Felines ideally protected warehouses, barns from the invasion of rodents, literally saved the harvest, preventing the risk of hunger. For many centuries, in most countries, cats have been highly valued. For example, to protect the treasures of the Winter Palace from mice and rats, Empress Elizabeth brought pets from Kazan, since these cats were considered the best hunters. And now, in almost every house in the countryside, there is at least one cat, which allows the owners not to suffer from rats and mice, to protect them from their encroachments on poultry, food, etc.
Compliance with traditions
Gradually, cats revealed their other qualities, they began to be brought into homes, not only for hunting rodents. They began to be considered one of the symbols of a warm home. Since ancient times, the belief has been preserved that the presence of such an animal protects the house from evil spirits.
The tradition of necessarily having a cat in your home is preserved in many families. Observing it, people take a kitten without even thinking about the reasons. Great-grandmother, grandmother, mother had such a pet, which means it should be present in my house as well. Otherwise, the housing will be defective.
Kindness and pity
The irresponsible attitude of people towards animals has led to the emergence of a large number of stray cats, which can be seen on the streets of every city. It is painful for a kind, compassionate person to see a hungry, emaciated, unkempt kitten who asks for help with a plaintive meow and a naive look. So a pet appears in the house.
Sometimes such a foundling does not remain alone. People who pick up one cat on the street soon give birth to another animal, or maybe several, guided by the desire to help homeless pets. There are people who devote their lives to putting cats in good hands or organizing shelters.
Granting a child’s request
One of the popular reasons for the appearance of a kitten in the house is the desire of parents to satisfy the child’s request, to fulfill his dream. Most children want to have a pet of some kind. The cat is the best option. She does not need to be walked like a dog, there is no need to spend time cleaning the cages. In addition, such an animal is able to bring joy to the whole family.
The cat is an excellent educator. This pet will be able to instill in the child a sense of kindness, teach responsibility, and help master the rules for communicating with animals.
Element of prestige and worthy status
Now it has become fashionable to have an exotic animal in the house. Each member of the elite considers it necessary to acquire a rare pet, to meet the “standards”. Of course, for such purposes, they do not take a homeless kitten or a representative of an ordinary yard breed into the house. Cats of valuable breeds allow emphasizing respectability. In rich mansions, you can see sphinxes, Maine coons, Kao-mani, caracals, asher, savannah, etc.
Source of income
Breeders can easily answer the question of why cats are needed in the house. For them, animals are a source of income. Breeding these pets does not require much trouble. But the owners of representatives of valuable breeds have a solid profit from the sale of elite kittens. In itself, such an occupation should not be condemned. Breeders help people fulfill the dream of their beloved pet. But culled kittens, adult animals, incapable of fulfilling their mission by age, often join the army of stray cats.
The main reason for the appearance of a cat
The main reason for the appearance of a cat in the house is an urgent need for love and attention. These animals are strongly attached to their owners, show real miracles of loyalty and devotion. The cat is always glad to the arrival of the owner, ready to communicate. She sensitively feels the mood of a person, will be able to come to the rescue in time, calm down, give a charge of good mood and even cure diseases. In this case, the cat does not require complex care. All she needs is a little attention, affection, a few kind words, and the understanding that she is a full member of the family, she is needed, she is loved. The pet will pay in full for such manifestations of feelings, save you from loneliness and depression, will be there in difficult times, distract from worries and problems.
HOW DO YOU SHOW YOUR LOVE TO YOUR CAT?
How do you show your love to your cat?
You can pet your cat more often, pay attention to it, bathe and dry it, comb the coat at night, and comb out lumps or undercoats. When the owner strokes the cat – for her it is a sign of a good attitude towards herself, a sign of respect. If the cat is guilty somewhere, never allow yourself to raise a hand on the animal. After all, this is your friend, moreover, completely dependent on your mood.
You will explain where the cat is wrong and try to avoid these situations next time. You can also make it clear that you love a cat – this is walking with her on the street, you can use a leash, tell her about the world around you as a person, consult with her. By the way, if you ask a cat for advice, then perhaps she will come to you at night in a dream and describe everything to you.
How do we know if a cat loves us?
To find out if a cat loves you, you should observe and see if he has any behavioral signs that indicate that he cares for you:
- Loving cat purrs: A cat will not purr just because it loves you. There are many other reasons cats purr. However, if your cat sits in your lap and starts to purr, there is no doubt that she is happy to be with you and shows a sense of satisfaction.
- Loving Kitty Paws Kneading: This is common gesture cats make towards you when they are too healthy and mimics what they did to their mother when they were kittens.
- A cat that loves you rubs its head against yours: If your cat rubs its head against yours when you are wearing it or when lying next to it, this is a sign of tenderness. When a cat shows this affection for you, it emits pheromones. This proves that he is completely confident and safe with you.
- A cat that loves you sucks you: kittens weaned too early, a cat you are summer also to show you their affection.
- The cat who loves to lick you on your face: If a cat licks your hair or ears, rest assured that it is a gesture of love. In fact, the cat, licking you, “cares” for you and thus proves that he just loves you!
- The cat that loves you bite: The cat that loves you will not bite you, but will gently bite you, as it did with its mother when she was a kitten.
- A loving cat offers you a belly in the air: If your cat is lying on its back and offering you a belly for possible caresses, it is because he feels very good and shows you all his confidence and affection.
- A loving cat sleeps with you: Because he needs warmth at night, but also because he will feel comfortable around you, your cat loves to sleep with you and next to you at night. Another day, but at night it is a sign that the cat loves you!
- The cat who loves you will come and play with you: Because the game is important for the cat if he plays with you, it is because he wants to exchange and share with you a moment of happiness, joy, excitement, or even hunting!
How to communicate with a cat?
First of all, you need to listen to your pet, if he wants to eat, then feed him. By facial expressions, it is clear whether the cat will be in a good mood or not. If she comes to you and lies down on her knees, chest, or head, then this means that she has come to heal you from your diseases.
At the same time, the cat vigorously purrs and publishes a trekot, this can last for several minutes, then the cat will leave and lick its fur, thus, it throws off the negative energy that it has fed from the owner or mistress. There are at least sixteen different sounds that cats play.
Quiet voice and high notes
If you want to talk to a pet, you cannot use a low voice, cats perceive it as a sign of aggression. Communicate with them only in high notes. Make sure that the voice during the conversation is quiet and calm, there should be no disturbing notes in it.
Try to repeat the gentle sounds that cats themselves use – something like a quiet and short “mea-ah-ah” or “mri-i-i-p”. If you are not very good at imitating feline phrases, and the cat confirms this with his watchful gaze, stop trying and continue talking to him in your own language.
How to understand a cat’s behavior?
In the language of cats, teeth clacking is found, but they use it mainly when hunting. Newborn kittens do not have the whole range of sounds, so they express their needs with the same sounds, even crying.
If a person communicates with his pet for a very long time, then he tries to understand his facial expressions, gestures, and behavior. The owner understands or tries to understand every request of the animal. For example, when a cat wants to eat, she not only meows but can also show the owner where to go – to the kitchen, to the refrigerator.
You can simply ask what the cat wants. And she will lead you where she wants, it can be a toilet, and a kitchen, or a bathroom – to drink water.
How do I know if a cat doesn’t like me?
A cat cannot hate you. If you think your cat doesn’t like you, it’s probably because she doesn’t like certain situations in which you put them.
Suddenly, the cat sends you signs in response:
- My cat avoids me, runs away from me, or hides when it sees me;
- Monday cat meows loudly, growls or spits;
- My cat attacks me, scratches or bites me;
- My cat refuses my caresses;
- My cat doesn’t want to play with me.
In fact, if a Votre cat is aggressive, intimidating, and distant, it’s not because he doesn’t like you. In fact, this is more of a sign that he has behavioral problems, likely related to:
- possible bad experiences that could “traumatize” him,
- poor socialization (wild cat, abandoned or poorly weaned),
- a health problem (see how to tell if a cat is sick).
They love to roll at the feet of a loved one.
A person to whom a cat is able to openly demonstrate its fluffy belly definitely enjoys great confidence in a tailed pet. And if he also rolls at the feet of the owner, then everything is definitely loved.
Never chase a cat lying flat on its back at your feet. This is a sign of the highest trust on his part, which must be taken with attention.
How can I make my cat love me?
Since relationships are built on a day-to-day basis, with time and a lot of patience, you can develop a deep emotional relationship with your cat. Here are some tips on how to do it:
Be loved by your cat – spend time with her
Groom your cat as often as possible. Indeed, it is difficult to show affection for a cat if you have never been with her. This is often the case when you work all day and leave your cat alone at home. In this case, take some time in the evening to cuddle and especially play with your cat. By repeating these gestures every night, your cat will look forward to you and your affection will grow stronger over time!
Make yourself loved by your cat – talk to him
Talk to your cat as soon as she is in your presence, even if you are busy with something (cooking, going to the bathroom …). Thus, even if your cat does not understand what you are telling her, she understands the intonation of your voice, which should be gentle. So talking to your cat more often will create additional interaction with it.
Make yourself loved by your cat – Show yourself to him
Stay within reach: If your cat doesn’t come up to you to exchange hugs, games, messages, get down to your cat’s height. Sit or squat in front of the cat to avoid dominating and looking down!
Make yourself a favorite cat – pet him
Stroke, hug and massage the cat: There is weasel and weasel. In fact, cats love to be massaged. So book him a few massages, stroking him firmly but slowly from the back of his muzzle to the tail. Never backward or against fibers!
Love your cat – Play with him
Play with your cat: Spending time to have fun with your cat is a sign of affection that he will understand and appreciate. And since cats love to play, this can be the best way to bond with your cat, especially if you play with it regularly. See How to play with a cat?
Cat love – treats
Offer him treats when you get home from work: This way your cat will be happy when you arrive, he will understand that you want to please him. Try to vary the treats to avoid making your cat too fat (small piece of cheese, light treats, mini rewards …).
Make yourself loved by your cat – respect him
- Respect your cat if he doesn’t want to play if he doesn’t want to be stroked …
- Do not disturb him if he is sleeping or resting …
- Never scold him (no beatings, no punishment), because the cat does not understand why you are scolding or hitting him. On the contrary, he may be afraid of you, distrust you, and behave aggressively towards you.
They love kissing
Cats show love by kissing – light touches with their noses (sometimes this can be accompanied by rubbing on the cheek). Such movements are called “feline kissing”.
By the way, if you want to express the warmest feelings to your cat, you can say about it in the language of his habits: first, look closely into his eyes, squinting slightly, and then lightly touch his nose with yours – he will immediately understand everything and, most likely, answer reciprocity.
They spoil the furniture
Perhaps to someone, this way of showing love will seem very strange, but a cat who sincerely loves its owner can really sharpen its claws on the furniture with which a person most often comes into contact (especially on the sofa or bed on which he sleeps).
These very scratches that leave the sharp claws of an animal are a sure way to mark territory. In other words, by damaging the bed upholstery of the beloved owner, the cat makes it clear: “This person is mine.”
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WHY DO CATS LOVE TO BE PETTED?
Why do cats love to be petted?
Many mustachioed pets respond positively to stroking, responding to the caress with a loud purr and a satisfied squint. Soft fur and pleasant vibrations are the best anti-stress for a tired owner, but they do not always succeed in relieving stress after work with their help. Even the most good-natured pets are sometimes not in the mood and meet the master’s hand with a treacherous “bite”. Finding out the possible causes of discontent is quite simple if you know why cats love to be petted and what places on the body are best left untouched.
Do all cats love to be petted?
Love for affection depends on 2 important factors: the nature of the animal and the level of trust in a person. Because of this, most often, aggression and discontent are shown:
- shy and withdrawn pets, intolerant of close contacts;
- street cats, accustomed to living in constant danger.
In the first case, the animal can still love its owner, but due to its temperament, it will be uncomfortable from overly intrusive attention. In the second case, the behavior of the cat can be changed by earning his trust.
Separately, it is worth noting the avoidance of stroking, uncharacteristic for a pet. If your pet loves affection, but has been stubbornly avoiding it lately and even hisses when touched, make an appointment with your veterinarian. He is most likely in pain and needs treatment.
Also, the behavior of the animal may differ from the one who strokes it. Most cats do not like to be stroked by strangers but happily go on their knees to their owners.
Why cats love to be stroked so much
The love of stroking is characteristic of most mustachioed pets. There are three simple reasons for this.
The first time after birth, only their mother takes care of the kittens. She regularly feeds and licks them, keeping the coat clean and stimulating digestion. Over time, the memory of the mother dims, but the pleasant feeling of comfort and safety associated with touching the body persists.
Stroking a cat by a person in terms of the intensity of the impact is close to licking with his tongue. Due to pleasant associations, it stimulates the production of endorphins, that is, the hormones of joy. With pleasure, the pet begins to purr and take a “milky step”.
Human touch is an expression of trust
Trust plays a large role in the formation of attachment. If a pet lives in comfortable conditions and is not subjected to physical punishment, then over time it begins to associate its owner with the image of the mother. Human touch brings him pleasure and a sense of security.
Despite the importance of trust, some cats with great enthusiasm adore people who are indifferent to them. Unlike avid cat-lovers, such guests always behave quietly and with restraint, not trying to stroke or take the animal in their arms. Thanks to this, a person automatically falls into the category of objects with a minimum level of threat, which means that you can safely approach him for further acquaintance.
Sensitive hairs called vibrissae are not just a mustache. They are located over the entire surface of the skin. When touched, vibrissae send signals through neurons to the brain, causing very pleasant sensations throughout the body.
The physiological pleasure from caress increases during molting, but only if you run your hand in the direction of hair growth. If you pet the cat against the grain, then he will experience discomfort and even pain. Such stroking lifts the guard hairs, irritating the nerve endings, and disrupts the adherence of keratin scales, causing electrification.
What about scratching?
Scratching is more intense, but it also pleases cats and resembles a massage. The greatest pleasure comes from touching areas with scent glands:
- the chin;
- between the ears;
- the bald area between the eye and ear;
- the base of the tail.
The pheromones contained in them mark their territory and owners. Voluntary “smearing” a person in secret is a kind of declaration of love and an expression of respect for his mustachioed pets.
Where and when to pet the cat, so that she likes it?
Now that we understand the main reasons for their love of stroking, we’ll find out exactly where cats like to be stroked. Aside from the scent glands, there are a few more winning spots.
Duration of the “caress session”
The most important rule is to respect the interests and wishes of the pet. Be sure to leave your cat alone if he is not in the mood. Caress against will brings discomfort even if the most sensitive points to stroking are involved.
The permissible duration of the “caress session” is individual, so be guided by the mood of your pet. If the purging has stopped, the body tensed, the fur stood on end, and the cat does not take his gaze from you or even hisses – let him be alone with you.
Places for stroking
In addition to almost the entire head and base of the tail, mustachioed pets enjoy touching the neck, chest, and back. These areas are difficult to reach with your paws, so a light massage relieves existing itching and helps to relax tired muscles.
The most controversial areas are the tummy, legs, and tail, but there are exceptions here. Some cats don’t mind having these body parts stroked at all.
Feel free to experiment, but be sure to consider your pet’s reactions. If he fearlessly shows you his belly, lets you touch his tail, and is in no hurry to pull the paw out of your hand, rejoice. Your connection is as close as possible.
Why a cuddly cat can make a “bite”
A sudden bite often follows a touch on the belly, legs, and tail. Thus, the animal demonstrates that these areas are inviolable.
Kittens who are cuddling bite because they perceive what is happening as a game. In such cases, the petting must be stopped urgently so that the pet realizes that you do not like this behavior. Remember that playing with your hands is taboo. The hunting instinct should only be encouraged in relation to toys.
If there is no discontent and playful mood, then such a “bite” is called a “love bite”. Many owners equate it with cute aggression – a special state that makes you want to bite or grip something cute. Trying to restore emotional balance, the body extinguishes a strong opposite emotion. Veterinarians disagree with this opinion and are inclined to believe that in this way animals simply emphasize their authority.
Stroking is pleasant not only for cats, but also for people themselves. A grateful purr not only calms the nervous system but also improves health. Feline vibrations are beneficial for bones, muscles, and heart, so be sure to pet your pet if he doesn’t mind.
WHY DOES A KITTEN MEOW FOR NO REASON?
Why does a kitten meow for no reason?
Many cat owners are faced with such a problem when a small pet that appears in the house constantly squeaks. The kitten meows incessantly. And it does not last a day or two, but constantly. When the owner does not understand the reasons for this behavior of the animal, it can be very unnerving. To rectify the situation, you do not need to be irritated, you need to understand the reasons that caused it.
Meowing is the language of communication between a kitten and its owner, so the baby expresses his desires, emotions, otherwise, he simply cannot. This is normal and natural. But, if the kitten squeaks constantly, without ceasing, and at the same time the sounds have an alarming connotation, the reason for this behavior may not be the desire to communicate. It is important to understand the animal correctly in order to correct the situation.
There are many reasons for the constant incomprehensible meowing.
- Weaning from mother
- Stress from a change of scenery
- Feeling lonely, demanding attention
- Host check
It is important to correctly interpret the behavior of the baby in order to normalize the situation in the house.
Weaning from mother
This is perhaps the most common reason for the constant “crying” of a kitten. Do not take the baby away from the mother until 2 – 2.5 months. At this age, kittens are already able to survive separation painlessly enough. But at a younger age, the kitten will be very worried and look for a mother, who used to be always there and gave a feeling of protection. In this case, you need to help the baby, calm him down. Take him in your arms, warm him, caress him, talk to him. When the little pet calms down, he will stop crying. But that behavior won’t change the first time. In the morning, sleepy, the kitten will start to worry again. Attacks of melancholy can begin at any time of the day. Then the baby will again start calling for mom and looking for her. Just be there and calm the kitten, gradually the situation will improve,
Stress from a change of scenery
Pets can hardly endure a change of scenery. This causes a lot of stress, anxiety, and anxiety. Even if the kitten has ceased to yearn for a cat and got used to its absence, everything around him is new, unfamiliar. An unfamiliar home, unfamiliar surroundings, new people, and maybe other pets. Even the usual rearrangement in the apartment can cause stress in a kitten. The kid begins to worry, feel fear, anxiety, and, as a result, begins to “cry”. The solution here is obvious – you need to show increased attention to it, calm it down, surround it with care, then the meowing will stop, the little pet will stop “crying” and start playing.
Feeling lonely, demanding attention
A feeling of loneliness can also be the reason for an incomprehensible meow. When a baby is small, he is not yet so independent, he wants to have a play partner, a friend nearby. He’s just bored alone. The kitten can call on the owner to pay attention to him. The solution, in this case, is also simple – give your little pet time and attention, while the kitten is small, he really needs your attention, alone he will start to be sad. This does not mean that you have to constantly tinker with the baby, just regularly devote at least a little time to him. With age, this problem will go away on its own.
This, of course, is not about testing the owner for stress resistance, but about the little pet’s attempt to find out who is in charge of the house. Cats are gregarious animals, therefore, they must have a leader. Checking the owner by meowing is just the cat’s attempt to find out who is the leader here, he or the owner. Sometimes it happens that a kitten makes sounds under a closed door, but as soon as it is opened, he will not even think to enter. This is a kind of check whether you fulfill his requirement or not. The solution to the problem in such a situation is obvious – it is necessary to explain to the animal who is the “main cat” in the house. Influence the pet morally, look directly in the eyes, demonstrate your position, that you are the leader here. When the baby learns this, he will stop testing you.
Feeling hungry can also make the kitten start making sounds. In this case, he simply demands food. It should be noted that there should always be food in the cat’s bowl, the baby can eat up to sixteen times a day. If the pet is hungry, and the bowl is empty, he will naturally draw the attention of the owner to this by meowing. Make sure he always has food.
Another possible cause of feline screams can be poor upbringing when the kitten is simply begging. If smelling something tasty, the baby begins to meow and demand a tidbit, do not rush to pamper him. This can become a habit and be regarded by animals as the norm. In this case, it is best to make it clear to the pet that such behavior is unacceptable, and meowing, no matter how plaintive or demanding, will not lead to anything. You must demonstrate to your child that you make the decisions here. In no case should you physically punish a kitten?
Another possible reason for the constant “crying” of a kitten maybe his poor health. Examine the pet carefully, if there is something alarming in its appearance, it may be worth seeking help from a veterinarian. The specialist will conduct a preventive examination and give a more accurate conclusion.
Any sound made by an animal means something. Learn to communicate with your little pet. Talk to him. Learn to understand his speech, establish a dialogue, and then you can live in harmony with him and get positive emotions from communicating with your little friend.
WHEN DO KITTENS OPEN THEIR EYES AND BEGIN TO SEE?
When do kittens open their eyes and begin to see?
The birth of babies in a cat is a happy event. Fluffy crumbs touch, make you want to stroke, caress and protect them. The mother becomes the main reference point for them – she takes care of the cubs and feeds them.
But the owner is also obliged to observe the development of the babies, paying special attention to the moment when the kittens’ eyes open. In case of pathologies, you need to contact the veterinarian and help the kittens.
Why are babies born blind?
A cat’s pregnancy lasts 55-60 days. After this short period, completely defenseless creatures appear that can not do anything: hear, see, empty the intestines on their own. This helplessness is characteristic of many species of mammals. There are several explanations of why fuzzies are born blind.
A birth with an open eyelid could lead to dust and dirt particles entering during the passage of the birth canal and, as a result, to further inflammation. On the other hand, in a short period of gestation, the baby does not have time to form all the senses. And prolonging the natural period of gestation would be dangerous for the mother-cat herself.
Natural selection also became one of the factors that led to the birth of blind newborns. The day the kittens open their eyes depended on their future health – closed eyelids protected them from diseases.
A crumb crawling in search of a mother could injure an eyeball on a branch or a stone, collect full eyelids of dirt or sand. Therefore, nature has protected the organs of vision from damage until the baby gets stronger.
The birth of babies with open eyes
Sometimes there are cases when kittens open their eyes immediately after birth. This occurs as a result of abnormalities in the pregnancy process or pathologies in the health of the mother-cat. But more often than not, the baby’s open eyelids are a sign of his belonging to a certain breed. For example, sphinxes are immediately born sighted.
When kittens open their eyes right after birth, don’t panic. In this case, the cat with droppings is sent to a dark and always warm place. There, the crumbs must spend two weeks so that the delicate tissues of the cornea are not exposed to light or mechanical damage. Veterinarians recommend trimming newborns’ claws so they don’t accidentally scratch each other.
After two weeks, the visual organ is fully formed, becomes less vulnerable, and the kitten continues to grow healthy and sighted. If this does not happen or inflammatory processes begin, then you should immediately contact the veterinarian. The doctor will conduct an examination and suggest an algorithm for further actions.
What day do kittens’ eyes open
The period of insight in crumbs does not begin immediately after birth and generally takes 2-3 days. After a while, when the kittens’ eyes open completely, a dull blue iris is visible.
Features of the breed
Among the main factors affecting the development of the baby’s visual organs, veterinarians call belonging to a particular breed. So, in short-haired or bald individuals, the eyelids open earlier than in their long-haired counterparts. Cattery owners and specialists noticed on what day kittens of different breeds open their eyes:
- The Sphinxes see their sight first. This happens on the third day. Some newborns appear immediately with open eyelids.
- Representatives of the Siamese and Thai breed try to see the world around them 3-4 days after birth.
- Babies of the Siberian or Persian breed begin to distinguish between light and shadow by the end of the first week.
- Ragdolls do not open their eyelids until three weeks of age.
Mestizos or yard breeds begin to see clearly on average two weeks after birth. If the process is too long, you need to call your veterinarian for advice.
Many factors affect how long kittens open their eyes after birth. For example, in physically healthy and strong individuals this happens earlier. At the same time, girls develop faster than boys, so the formation of their visual organs also occurs earlier.
Another factor affecting the development of babies is their conditions of detention. It is important to take into account the illumination of the nest: in constant twilight, the eyelids open a little faster.
The speed of insight also depends on heredity. If the mother-cat previously had strong babies with rapid development, then it will be the same with the rest of the litters.
The time when the cat was in a state of pregnancy affects the opening of the eyelids in the offspring. If the birth of newborns occurred ahead of time, then the development of the visual organs in them will be delayed.
And vice versa, in post-term offspring, all processes will occur somewhat earlier than in premature or born-in-time brothers. The task of the owner of the feline family is to provide the mother and newborns with all the necessary conditions for a full life.
Reasons for the delay
One of the factors affecting the slowing down of natural development processes is the state of health of the baby. If the baby was born weakened and was subsequently exposed to infectious or viral diseases, then he will begin to see and hear much later.
The living conditions of the litter and the mother also significantly affect the pet. Excessive lighting, low temperature, and unsanitary conditions have the most negative impact on the further life of the mustache.
Kittens open their eyes: on what day do they start to see?
The process of insight takes a different time for each individual. However, any toddler goes through the same stages before they begin to see. Everything happens gradually:
- Initially, a small crack forms on the inside of the eye.
- After two or three days, the iris is almost completely exposed.
- For the next seven days after opening the eyelids, babies cannot see fully, distinguishing only light and shadow and pronounced movements.
Interestingly, the final formation of clarity and breadth of vision in animals occurs only by the end of the sixth week. By this time, the pupils of the baby adequately respond to lighting, and he can actively explore the territory around him. The dull blue color, characteristic of all newborns, changes to that characteristic of this species by the age of three months.
Possible pathologies and their treatment
If, after two weeks, the newborn has not opened his eyelids, then you need to take a closer look at the baby. Sometimes you can see clear signs of inflammation, acidification, and other pathologies. In any case, it is impossible to hesitate to contact a veterinarian. Only a specialist is able to prescribe treatment.
Fusion of the eyelids
This pathology manifests itself in different ways. Fusion can be complete or partial. There is a problem with the edge of the upper and lower eyelids due to changes in the structure of the tissue. As a result, the gap between the upper and lower eyelids is either completely absent or extremely narrowed.
In the corners, the inflammatory process begins and purulent discharge appears. The veterinarian, after a thorough examination, in case of partial adhesion, prescribes a gentle type of massage. If there is a complete fusion, then an operation will be required.
Pathogenic microorganisms, getting on the mucous membrane through small scratches or cracks, contribute to the development of unpleasant diseases. Infectious conjunctivitis significantly delays the opening of the eyelids, complicating the whole process.
The appearance of redness, edema, purulent discharge, as well as a crust that sticks together the eyelids is a clear sign of the disease. The veterinarian prescribes anti-inflammatory drops and ointments for a patient with conjunctivitis, which will reduce discomfort and remove symptoms.
It is impossible to detect blindness at an early stage. After opening the eyelids, vision is so weak that any baby can be mistaken for a blind person.
The problem becomes more noticeable by the age of one month. A blind individual walks uncertainly, constantly stumbles upon something. If you bring your finger to the poor fellow and take it to the side, he will not turn his head in the right direction.
But do not be very upset after the doctor diagnoses blindness – the baby adapts perfectly, and the rest of the senses will allow him to lead a full life.
How to care for the eyes of babies
After birth, kittens are very vulnerable, and the mother cat makes every effort to provide them with proper care. The owner can also help her cope with the offspring. The purity of closed eyelids can be maintained by wiping them with a soft cloth dipped in chamomile broth, a very weak solution of uracil in or potassium permanganate.
Awareness of how long the kittens’ eyes open will allow them to notice problems in time and consult a specialist. If the development is delayed or if there are symptoms of disorders, it is important to immediately contact your veterinarian.
HOW TO DETERMINE THE GENDER OF A KITTEN OR CAT: 10 RELIABLE WAYS
How to determine the gender of a kitten or cat: 10 reliable ways
Finding out what gender a kitten is, a boy or a girl is necessary in a number of cases. This knowledge will come in handy when choosing a nickname or for putting up a pedigree pet for sale. The simplest thing is to go to the veterinarian, but there is not always the time or opportunity to do this. Then reliable and proven methods will come to the rescue.
Why you need to know the gender of a newborn kitten
Not only the features of the pet’s appearance depend on gender, but also its character. Before you start a mustache, it is better to decide in advance whether you need a boy or a girl. Each of them is associated with some peculiarities of living. For example, non-castrated males mark territory, spreading an unpleasant smell everywhere. Females periodically have estrus accompanied by changes in behavior.
It is all the more important to find out exactly whether the baby belongs to a particular breed. This is required in order to register the elite representative with the elite representative before the sale. In some breeds, males are more expensive than females. For example, you will have to pay more for a Maine Coon cat than for a cat.
At what age can you find out the sex of a pet
You can try to find out the sex of a kitten at two weeks of age. At this time, the baby has not yet acquired a full-fledged coat, so it is not very difficult to examine his genitals. After a few weeks, the seals’ genitals will be more pubescent, and it will be difficult to see them.
Inexperienced cat owners will almost certainly be able to find out the sex of the animal after 5-6 months. Then puberty occurs in adolescents and character traits are formed that correspond to females or males.
Precautions for inspection
It is always necessary to treat newborns with tenderness, and even more so to be careful when examining them. If the baby is still connected with the mother and is in her nest, then before determining the sex of the kitten and taking him in your arms, you need to calm him down. For this, the baby is taken in the palm of your hand and warmed. So he quickly calms down and stops spinning.
Then the following procedure is performed:
The baby is laid on a towel on his stomach or back.
- Gently raise the tail and carefully examine the organs under it.
- After the procedure, the baby is returned to its original place.
You shouldn’t often pick up the newborn from your mother. Regular weaning from a parent can lead to dangerous hypothermia of an immature organism. You cannot hold the baby by force or press on the stomach. The examination should not be performed immediately after feeding.
How else can you find out the sex of a kitten without harming him – scratch the back area next to the tail a little. Massaging the croup will lead to an instinctive raising of the tail. This trick will allow you to recognize the gender of the baby without removing it from the parent’s nest.
All methods of sex determination in babies
There are different methods of how to determine the sex of a newborn kitten. The examination is carried out no earlier than one to two weeks of the baby’s life. There are several differences that are noticeable from birth. Having correctly identified them, it will not be difficult for the owner of a fluffy family to find out the sex of the kitten.
By the distance between the genitals and the anus
It is recommended to use this method immediately after the babies are born. At this time, the fur of newborns is wet, and it is easier to see the excretory channels located under the tail.
In this case, the distance between the holes, which are the exit from the rectum and the exit of the urinary organ, is determined. So, the gap in the boy is approximately 1 cm. There the cat has a scrotum, which will eventually take shape as it should.
In a girl, the distance between the anus and the vagina is not more than 1-2 mm. Both anatomical holes are in close proximity to each other.
By the shape of the genitals
The most common way is to determine the sex of a kitten by the external genitals. At an early age, the genitals are not so well-formed, and even an experienced owner of pussies is not always able to do this.
Differences are observed in the appearance of the holes. They are oblong in shape in females, and round in males. Simply put, a cat has a colon under its tail, while cats have an inverted exclamation mark (dot and dash).
By the presence or absence of testicles (probing)
The testicles, which are part of the reproductive system, are probed in the cat. They are located between the anus and the penis and only form by the end of three months of life. Feeling the organs helps to find out the sex of the baby before giving it to new owners. How to do it:
- Place the baby in the palm of your hand, belly up.
- Gently place your finger on your tummy and gently slide towards the groin area towards the anus.
If the testicles are felt under the finger, then this is a male. The female will have nothing in this area. The procedure must be carried out carefully, without pressing on the abdomen, reproductive organs, or the pet’s chest. This will not only cause discomfort but can also lead to injury.
The color of the pet becomes a clue on how to determine the sex of the kitten. Scientists have found that the combination of three types of colors indicates that we have a girl in front of us. This indicates the genetic condition of the tortoiseshell color. So, only the X chromosome has a black and red tint. Females always have such chromosomes in pairs.
However, there are exceptions when the male also has three shades on his coat. This is due to genetic disorders, which is why tricolor cats are mostly infertile.
Another characteristic feature is the presence of red color. Boys are most often redhead. However, nature has decreed that red-haired girls also meet on the way of lovers of mustachioed animals. This is due to the presence of a chromosome unusual for a cat, which is responsible for coat color. Often such females are not capable of conceiving and giving birth to offspring.
DNA blood test
DNA testing is able to accurately find out the sex of the baby. The veterinarian will tell you how to tell which sex a kitten has used this procedure. The test is done in a specialized laboratory at the clinic. DNA analysis will give an accurate result from the very first days of a newborn’s life.
The main disadvantage of testing is the high cost. In addition, not every city has clinics with all the necessary equipment for testing. Basically, the DNA test is done by the owners of rare pedigree animals, when the demand for kittens is born at the time of mating of their parents.
How to tell a cat from a cat in adolescence or adulthood: implicit signs
In adolescents or adults, it is easier to find distinctive features, because their external signs are fully formed. It will not be possible to find out the gender by implicit signs with one hundred percent reliability. But they will help to confirm the guess.
Size and weight
From the age of six months, girls and boys begin to differ from each other in body shape and size. So, cats become smaller than cats, their body remains more fragile and graceful. In adolescent boys, the body becomes more massive, muscle mass develops better.
In addition, girls have rounded hips and tummy with a more pronounced step crease. In boys, the pelvis is narrow, the abdomen is tucked up, and the shoulder blades are more muscular.
Girls are lighter than boys. But here we must not forget about the breed of the pet. You can not compare the representative of the Maine Coon and the British. Comparisons are made only within the same cat family and breed.
How to determine the sex of a cat by the shape of the face? If you look closely at the pet, you will notice that the female’s muzzle is narrow and slightly elongated. Unlike the large skull of the male, her head looks graceful.
The features of the face also speak of gender. The male’s nose is wider, with a large lobe. The female has an elusive, but noticeable outward gracefulness of all features.
Experienced owners know how to determine the sex of a cat simply by observing its behavior. The grown male begins to conquer his territory, leaving marks everywhere. This occurs at the age of 6-7 months. Females begin their first estrus at about the same time. She caresses, arching her back and lifting the back of the body up.
Cats love to relax, so they sleep most of the time. Cats, on the contrary, try to be in the center of events taking place in the house. Girls are cleaner, but boys are calmer about cleanliness and will not be licked all the time.
Often cats are ardent foodists, that is, adherents of dense and frequent meals. Cats are not so fond of eating and begging, although there are exceptions.
There is a way to tell if it is a cat or a cat by the way they meow. Experienced owners say that the voice characteristics of different representatives differ in tone.
So, males have a lower voice. Females, on the other hand, are the owners of a high tone – but only if they do not call the cat during estrus. Then any tomcat will envy their bass rolls.
Can you trust folk methods?
In addition to the listed methods, there are also folk signs that our ancestors used. They cannot be considered completely reliable and are best used as additional to the main methods of how to distinguish a boy’s kitten from a girl’s.
The most famous folk methods:
- By sight. It is believed that females look at everything meekly and modestly, but males – sternly and arrogantly.
- On the coat around the reproductive organs. According to observations, the fur of the cat in this area is longer and thicker.
- By tail position. It has been noticed that boys run to the bowl of food with their tails up, and girls – with their tails down.
These methods have been tested by many generations, but it is not worth using them to accurately determine the belonging. Not all pets are the same. For example, there are cats with an arrogant and even arrogant look or modest cats who approach the plate carefully, with their tail down.
You can find out the sex of a fluffy by the characteristics of the organs of the reproductive system. Different methods will tell you how to tell the sex of kittens by their appearance, the shape of their faces, and even their behavior. Traditional methods will help to confirm the owner’s guess. In case of difficulty, it is better to contact a veterinary clinic for advice.
WHAT DO CATS SEE WHAT PEOPLE DO NOT SEE?
What do cats see what people do not see?
The question of what cats see, what people do not see, still worries many, especially those who have a fluffy creature at home. Everyone sometimes wants to look at the world at least once through the eyes of their favorite, who, sometimes for ages, has been looking at a corner where there is absolutely nothing remarkable. At the same time, sometimes she does not notice a piece of meat slipped right under her nose (however, this happens quite rarely, only if the sense of smell is impaired).
- Differences in color perception
- Superpowers of feline vision
- About the otherworldly
Differences in color perception
People used to think that a cat sees the world in black and white. This opinion was based only on assumptions. Since cats are nocturnal animals and hunt at dusk, it was believed that nature did not endow them with the ability to distinguish other colors. When scientists had more research opportunities, they refuted the myth.
In fact, cats see blue, green, and yellow (as well as all shades of those colors). However, they recognize gray better than others. It has been proven that nocturnal predators are able to distinguish up to 25 of its shades. What is just a gray stripe for people is a whole palette for pets.
A person cannot look at the world through the eyes of a cat, having moved into her body. Of course, there are special devices that make this possible. However, every person does not have such equipment at hand. People can get a rough idea of how cats see the world. To do this, they need to remove the red ink from the printer and print a color image. This is approximately how her cat would see.
There is one more interesting point. It turns out that little kittens, whose eyes have just opened, see this world as blue. Before their eyes, a solid spot of just that color spreads. Then gradually various details and other shades begin to appear.
Superpowers of feline vision
Humans don’t see much of what cats can see. This is normal, as the structure of the eyes is very different. For cats, it was a necessity. From sight, it is adapted for hunting small rodents.
Cats continue to do this on a daily basis, even if the plate is full of food, and as a game, there is a common fly. It’s instinct. Nature has endowed cute predators, who have lived side by side with people for more than ten thousand years, with amazing eyes :
- Cats can see an object hundreds of meters away. The maximum distance available to this animal is 800 meters. In this regard, people can “catch up” with their pets only with the help of binoculars.
- Cats are able to see several objects at once, looking, it would seem, at one point. Their eyes cover about 200 meters wide. In this case, the images seem to be superimposed on each other and the effect of stereoscopic vision is obtained, which allows the hunter to estimate the location of the desired object as accurately as possible and calculate her strength before the chase or jump.
- Cats see well at dusk. In this, they are helped by a special choroid inside the eye, which reflects the absorbed rays. Of course, in complete darkness, it does not “work”. It needs at least some light to come in. However, in such situations, the mustache comes to the rescue of the cat. Cats are able to “see” with their whiskers. This is another feature of animals. The sense of touch is very important for a predator. It is this that allows her not to get lost in a completely dark room and not bump into furniture or corners.
Cats can see more than humans. Their eyesight is much sharper. However, with all the pluses, it also has minuses. For example, cats are worse than humans can see in daylight. It blinds them and makes the image blurry. That is why you can sometimes notice that the pet is squinting on a clear sunny day.
Cats are able to see what is very far from them, but at the same time they will not notice an object located closer than 60 centimeters. Their vision becomes as sharp as possible when it comes to a distance of about 4-6 meters and remains so up to 60 m.
About the otherworldly
Observing their pets, people often come to the conclusion that cats see a parallel world. Oddities in the behavior of pussies suggest such thoughts :
- freezing in one position with “glass” eyes;
- playful games with an invisible object;
- sudden mood swings that force the cat to run somewhere or take a fighting pose when people do not notice anything that could provoke it.
Many people think that cats see something that we do not see. For example, ghosts or brownies. So they talk to them, they chase after them, while the owner looks around in bewilderment and finds no one.
This opinion is supported by a huge number of stories associated with death. For example, about how cats anticipate the departure of the owner to another world, becoming nervous and fussy on the eve of his death. Or, without getting off the hands of a person for days. Animals can often behave very strangely.
For example, cats that previously shunned someone from the household disliked, and after the death of the latter they literally “stick” to his room, not wanting to leave it for any price. People think that the animal sees the soul of the deceased, which has not yet had time to leave its earthly abode.
Often, cats feel the approach of some kind of cataclysm and manage to warn people about the impending disaster, saving them from certain death. There are many such cases. It is possible that the reason is precise that cats see something inaccessible to us.
Scientists and researchers, for the most part, refute such opinions. They attribute the amazing abilities to the extremely keen eyesight, hearing, and the scent of animals, which allow not only to see, say, a flower located hundreds of meters away, but also to smell it.
People can only dream of such a gift. Cats simply hear the approaching earthquake when even the most sensitive devices are still silent. If we talk about otherworldly forces, supposedly betraying signals to animals, then they have nothing to do with it.
You may or may not believe that cats see something from other worlds. However, it is true that they are supernaturally sensitive, intelligent, and attentive. Many abilities surprise people, delight, and make the cat in our eyes special, mysterious
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