Breeders in many countries strive to breed a unique breed of cats, crossing wild and domestic breeds. And, based on the desire of people to have something unique and in a single copy, rare breeds are quite expensive.
Cat breeds that are listed in the Red Book and recently bred breeds are called rare. It is known about natural rare breeds and breeds artificially bred by crossing, about rare wild cats and small breeds living with humans. There are cat breeds that have hardly evolved over the millennia. Unfortunately, the trend is that rare feral cats die out over time. They live in their natural environment: in the jungle and deserts. Outwardly, such animals resemble their domestic relatives. Most likely, over time, wild rare cats will not disappear at all, and rare breeds of domestic cats will spread and cease to be small in number.
Cats … such wayward, mysterious, and even slightly mystical creatures. It is no coincidence that they are preferred to have pets. Of course, felines require careful care, but in return, you can get a lot of affection, and most importantly, an absolutely equal position with all family members. After all, these pets will not tolerate humiliation, they only allow a person to love himself and take care of his feline persona.
Even in ancient manuscripts about the life of high-ranking people, you can find a mention of their beloved cats.
What does the concept of “rare breed” include? it is a mistake to think that these breeds have appeared recently (although, for the most part, this is so). Some cats of rare breeds have been carefully guarded by breeders for centuries and have come down to us from ancient times. Although, most often, unusual felines are still a product of selection, brought to perfection. Indeed, every person, including a genetic scientist, has his own idea of beauty. Someone likes fluffy purring couch potatoes, and someone wants to domesticate a wild cat, leaving the dexterous disposition and habits of a predator. This is how rare breed cats are bred.
It should be said right away that the average breeder is not able to breed such a breed, crossing, for example, a Thai cat and an Angora. This is considered a gross violation of the rules. Cats of rare breeds are bred for years – this is a rather complicated technology.
The rarest cat breeds are far from cheap pleasure (starting price is 20 thousand dollars). But there is an unusually large number of people who want to have such pets. There are even queues for some breeds.
So, let’s start listing rare cat breeds. We will tell you about the history of the breed, character traits, care, and predisposition to diseases.
A cat with unusual eyes – Kao-mani. It differs from its relatives in that it has a different color of the cornea: green and blue. In English-speaking countries, these beauties are also called “diamond eye” – diamond eye. This breed is native to Thailand. Even in the texts of the XIV century, a description of these boiling white cats is mentioned, which, by the way, only royal persons had the right to have. Surprisingly, Tao Mani became known to the general public only in 2009. These curious, highly intelligent cats have a slender, muscular body covered with white, well-fitting hair that is fairly short.
Tao-mani has a very characteristic genotype, so not every pure white cat with multi-colored eyes will belong to this breed. By the way, the color of the eyes may be absent. Individuals with the same green iris color are quite common. They are bred in Thailand and a few US states.
These cats need the company of both humans and their own kind. Communication is very necessary for them. They are not shy of strangers, they are tolerant of children.
Tao-mani – boast excellent health. The “weakest” point is the ears. There are individuals that are deaf in one of the ears, although this is carefully monitored by breeders: they only cross cats that are healthy in both ears.
A fan of minimalism will surely be charmed by the Singapura – a tiny cat, barely larger than a three-month-old kitten. Adult Singapura cats weigh no more than three kilograms, and some cats are almost twice lighter! But the modest size is not the only advantage of these babies: the Singaporean is graceful, dexterous and playful, good-natured and neat in everything. And huge shiny eyes, a neat cute muzzle, and wool, as if covered with diamond chips, will not allow guests to take their eyes off your favorite!
And although this is not the rarest cat breed, the sparkling fashionista costs a little less than a real diamond.
The ragamuffin! This is how the name of the breed is translated, the creators of which took ordinary street murk as a basis. By adding to them the blood of a calm, tame and harmless ragdoll (ragdoll), breeders have received a completely new breed of long-haired cats, lively, suitable for families with children and many pets.
Ragamuffins are rare and expensive cats, the breed is few in number and remains exclusive even in their homeland, in the USA. Moreover, the appearance of a cat does not differ much from street moors – this was the main idea. Beauties flaunt in lush fur coats of various colors, with specks and stripes. But the character is unique – playful, but good-natured (despite the impressive size), sociable, but not intrusive, active, but not noisy kitty for a fan of natural beauty.
Do you like long hair, but want something really unusual? Then take a look, or rather touch the unique la-perm wool. At any exhibition, in any society, these cats are eye-catching: an extraordinary fur coat curls, as if a fashionista has just left a beauty salon!
The most beautiful and very rare breed of cats was born thanks to a chance and a successful natural mutation. The progenitor of the breed is the only cat with the most ordinary coat, all kittens of which were born with amazing hair, similar to that of a lamb. La Perm cats attract fans not only with their unusual appearance but also with their affectionate, livable character. By the way, a fantastic fur coat does not require any special care: the curls are curled by nature and do not straighten after bathing.
Another rare cat breed in the world is the Turkish Van. Its uniqueness is determined, first of all, my its love for the water. The Turkish Vans are excellent swimmers, they love to run in shallow waters or catch small fish in shallow waters. This is not the only distinguishing feature of the breed.
Turkish Vans are large, medium-length wool. In addition, she is completely devoid of an undercoat – this explains the breed’s love for the water. The characteristic color is pure white with red-chestnut spots at the base of the ears, the tail is of the same color. There are often cases when there is a bright spot on the shoulder.
The body of a cat is like a real swimmer: a muscular chest, powerful legs (moreover, the front ones are noticeably longer than the hind ones), and the tail is shaped like a brush. Determining the male and female is quite simple: males are an order of magnitude larger.
The Turkish Van is a breed that gets along well with people, they are brilliantly trained, very playful. There are no problems with walks either: it can be either a harness, to which Turkish Vans quickly get used to, or an aviary, or free walking with the owner.
Munchkin and Napoleon
Munchkins are very rare cat breeds. This is a kind of dachshund of the feline world. The legs of these cats are disproportionately short in relation to the body.
Their posture in a standing position is also interesting: they lean on the base of the tail and hold their front legs in front of them. In this position, which is more typical of a kangaroo, munchkins can be for a very long time.
The uniqueness of these unusual cats also lies in the fact that short legs are not the fruit of the labor of breeders, but a natural genetic mutation. Thus, the breed emerged from quite ordinary domestic cats, in the genotype of which a special dominant gene “short-legged” appeared. This explains the variety of shades, colors, and lengths of the coat.
Munchkins are not in good health, it is quite difficult for them to survive in their natural environment.
Napoleon is the name of rare cat breeds that appeared by crossing the Munchkin and Persian. A characteristic feature in addition to short legs is dwarfism. The maximum weight of the Napoleons is only two kilograms.
There are several hundred of them! Brought the Serengeti to the United States. The pioneer breeder wanted to present to the world such a breed that, repeating the external qualities of the African serval, would be absolutely tame and domestic. Years of searching were crowned with success: the result was a graceful, unusually beautiful cat.
Surprisingly, there is not a single wild serval gene in the Serengeti genotype. However, she is unusually similar in appearance to him. But the disposition is home, calm, friendly. Cats have a muscular body, long legs, and powerful legs. Coloring is allowed black or smoky with pronounced spots of a rounded shape (stretching horizontally is allowed) or black with barely noticeable spots. Another feature is the large wedge-shaped head that resembles the head of a wild feline. Moreover, this symptom manifests itself already at birth.
The Serengeti is smart, graceful, very stubborn natures. These cats will not tolerate the appearance in the house of someone more important than them. They are the center of everything. Another feature is the unsurpassed talkativeness and companionship.
The most common disease of the breed is urolithiasis.
Very rare cat breeds include caracals. Yes, these are not cats at all, but real wild lynxes, only small in size (in comparison with other representatives of the species). In the wild, caracals live in the steppes and savannas (hence the name “steppe lynx”).
These cats also differ from the usual lynx in color: the coat is thick, rather short, the coloring is brick-colored (sometimes sandy), characteristic spots are found only on the muzzle.
Caracal in Turkish means “black ear” – it really is. His ears are crowned with charming black tassels. These cats are very fit, muscular, with very long legs.
At home, the life expectancy of a caracal reaches 18 years. However, having decided to start it, you must be aware that these are by no means domestic purring cats – wild predatory habits remain for life.
Would you like to have a miniature pet tiger? Then Toyger is what you need.
Its literal translation from English is “toy tiger”. The only thing these kittens cost decently: from 10 thousand dollars.
What makes Toygers unique? With its colors, contrasting in everything. The most important thing is tiger black stripes, moreover, monochromatic, devoid of any color transitions. They stand out in contrast to the reddish-brown background. The tips of the paws and tail are always black. The body is toned, muscular. By the way, do not overfeed the Toyger – this is one of the owners’ mistakes. The front legs are crowned with thick, powerful pads.
Toygers are very companionable cats, they get along well with children. They lend themselves well to education and training. At the same time, Toygers are quite calm and agreeable, they will not require constant games, much more these rare breed cats like to sit in the owner’s arms.
This breed, bred in the USA in 1981 and distinguished by its special, curled back ears, has two varieties: semi-longhaired and shorthaired. Some cat associations recognize the two species as separate breeds. The American curl is quite famous in the United States but is rare in other countries.
The last African emigrant (the last on the list, but not in beauty and uniqueness) is a charming Sokoke. This is a very rare breed of cats, whose ancestors lived in Kenya, in the Arabuko Sokoke Reserve. Small semi-wild cats attract Kenyans with a good-natured disposition, irrepressible curiosity, and beautiful hair, decorated with an intricate marble pattern. For an unusual fur coat, the aborigines nicknamed these cats “Hadzonzo”, which means “similar to the bark of a tree.” Sokoke is direct descendants of the Hazonzo, a breed formed by the domestication and taming of semi-wild cats in Kenya. They are tame, curious, funny, and active friends.
The cat is extremely intelligent, easygoing, and sociable. At the same time, even kittens do not create too much noise, rarely do dirty tricks, and easily get used to ordering. The character, ideal for keeping in an apartment, the Bombes inherited from the Burmese – famous friends of dogs, small children, and even small domestic animals like mice and birds.
Elf Cat – a cat with crooked ears
The Elf Cat resembles a fantastic creature with crooked ears. Its body is practically naked or covered with imperceptible down, sparse hair is present only on the ears, some areas of the legs, on the muzzle and tail.
This breed is extremely rare, with a population of only ten inhabitants of America. The weight of this active and sociable animal varies from three to six kilograms, and the curvature of the ears can be from ninety to one hundred and eighty degrees.
The CFA distinguishes between the Burmese cat itself and its species bred in the UK, calling it the European Burmese cat.
Burmilla. The breed was bred in the UK in 1981 as a result of an unplanned mating of a Persian chinchilla and a lilac Burmese.
American wire haired cat
This breed appeared as a result of a spontaneous mutation of the American Shorthair cat in 1966. It soon became clear that the mutation is dominant and it is not difficult to breed such cats.
Another name for the American wire-haired breed is wire-haired for the appearance of the coat. The degree of effect of such wool is different. Wool hair can be held together, or bent. Therefore, if a cat of that breed is combed, the “spring” effect will disappear.
A curly-haired cat breed that appeared in the United States in the 1980s as a result of free crossbreeding. The breed received official recognition in 1996. LaPerm is one of the most expensive cat breeds.
The CFA recognized this breed, descended from Chinese feral cats, just 6 years ago – in 2010. It is almost impossible to acquire cats of this breed outside of China.
In China itself, the breed is also not numerous. The popularity of this breed is not added by the fact that in appearance it practically does not differ from ordinary mongrel cats.
A very scandalous story is associated with the emergence of this breed, and its “creator” is still wanted by the police. The fact is that in 2007 specialized (and not only) publications began to dazzle with information that “the rarest cat breed in the world” was bred. These unusually intelligent and loyal soft-footed creatures are also completely hypoallergenic.
However, after a series of genetic examinations, it was found that Ashera is nothing more than a species of the savannah – a cat, also a rare breed, but known to the public. But before the truth was established, many people had already fallen for such an exotic bait, paying 20 thousand dollars for kittens.
Ashera is truly a giant of the feline world, because, according to the creators, the genotype of the serval, the Asian leopard, and domestic cats is embedded in it. Indeed, their height reaches one meter. There may be several colors, the rarest (on average, only four kittens are born a year) has golden-orange spots, the other is ashy and the most common is with black spots like a leopard.
Winner Ranking: Home Serval
So, we have sorted out the rarest cat breeds, their names are also given. However, there are three winners.
So, home serval. Sometimes it seems that this cat does not live with a person at all but only came from the forest to stay. In part, this is so, because no one bred the breed specifically for the house, it was just that people realized that servals are perfectly domesticated.
However, the habits remain wild. Servals are excellent hunters, they love to run, jump, catch up with prey. Breeders should consider this. It is unlikely that this breed will get along in an ordinary apartment – a mansion with high ceilings will be more to her taste because the jumps of the serval reach three meters up.
The next rarest cat breed in the world is the Savannah. We have already touched on it when we talked about asher. Savannah was bred in the 80s of the last century. The creators wanted to give people a real domestic leopard. Then, they believed, wild cats would be left alone, they would not be kept in captivity – in mansions and apartments.
Savannahs originated from the crossing of the already known serval and the Siamese cat. As a result, from the first, they got the habits of a predator and spots, and from the second they got a rather docile disposition and irrepressible talkativeness.
Savannahs are perfectly trained, and they carry out commands that are quite difficult for felines: “fetch”, “bring” or “stranger”.
At the top of the rating “Rare breeds of cats in Russia” (and throughout the world) is, in the opinion of many, Chausie. These cats boast a completely unique genotype and outstanding appearance.
Chausie is the fruit of a natural (initially) crossing of a wild jungle cat and a domestic cat. Only after a long time, connoisseurs of soft paws noticed how beautiful these kittens are.
It was decided to start breeding a new breed, a reed cat, but affectionate and domesticated. Only in 2003 was it possible to record a new breed. However, to this day, its elimination is not going smoothly, it is too difficult to combine the genes.
Three colors are fixed by the standard: black, silver or tabby. The last two are ticked, i.e. the color is uneven, interspersed with stripes. A prerequisite is a clear pattern on the head, also on the ears, and the tip of the tail.
Chausie is an excellent companion for their owners, but the predatory habits of the jungle cat remain: they swim and hunt in the water, make supplies when the owner does not see and jump well. These cats do not accept dry food, even exclusive ones – only meat should be in the diet. Chausie’s gastrointestinal tract simply does not digest grains and vegetables.